Indonesia

INDONESIA which official name is the Republic of Indonesia or Indonesia is a country from Asia located in the Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. INDONESIA with 2,830 km sq km, limits with Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km; and is divided into 30 provinces. INDONESIA’s capital is Jakarta which is the most populated city with about 8,540,306 inhabitants.

History of INDONESIA

INDONESIA’s government is a republic; a Republic with an Executive government type, with President Joko Widodo as head of state.

Other symbols of INDONESIA are Indonesian motto ” Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Old Javanese, Unity in diversity) Indonesian anthem “Indonesia Raya (Great Indonesia) Indonesian flag.Indonesian flag is composed by two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Monaco, which is shorter; also related to the flag of Poland, which is white (top) and red.

INDONESIA’s history is quite long: The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; the islands were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan’s surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to relinquish its colony. Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic state and home to the world’s largest Muslim population. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing financial sector reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face a low-intensity separatist guerilla movement in Papua.

Indonesia’s geography

INDONESIA has an area of 1,919,440Km, with a coastline of 54716, this great area is composed of 1,826,440 sq km of land and 93,000 sq km of water. Indonesian geography is known for its mostly coastal lowlands, and larger islands have interior mountains. This makes Indonesian’s land specially proclive to occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes, forest fires.

Guide to travel to INDONESIA

If you are thinking about traveling to Indonesia, you will have to take into consideration some points like INDONESIA’s currency, INDONESIA’s weather, INDONESIA’s national holiday and INDONESIA’s transports.

Information from omdimas blog, the first thing you need to know about your travels abroad is country’s currency. INDONESIA`s currency is called rupiah ( Rp), which is divided into 100 sen. For your consideration, rupiah’s exchange rate is about St. John’s Cathedral, Nicosia per dolar.9,117.0397266129.

INDONESIA’s weather is characterized to be tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to INDONESIA.

You can also consider visiting INDONESIA on its national holiday to get in INDONESIA’s culture. If you do so, INDONESIA’s national holiday is called Independence Day, 17 August.

Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of INDONESIA: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m. And even try to get to INDONESIA’s lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit INDONESIA’s tallest structure: ( ).

Don’t be afraid to take a flight to Indonesia, with more than 662 airports and six airlines; you will get to INDONESIA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. INDONESIA has about6,458 of railways, and also21,579 of roadways so is a right place for a car trip.

Indonesian Culture

Coat of arms of INDONESIA INDONESIA is known by Indonesians as Republik Indonesia or Indonesia in the shortened way. Indonesian, about 234,693,997 people, are composed by different ethnics: Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census). And they also have different languages: Indonesian, Malay.

Another relevant point nowadays it’s INDONESIA’s religion. Indonesians are divided in Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census). So you can visit any of it’s5 like 0.

Afghanistan

AFGHANISTAN which official name is Islamic Republic of Afghanistan or Afghanistan, is a country from Asia located in the Southern Asia, north, and west of Pakistan, east of Iran. AFGHANISTAN with 5,529 km sq km, limits with China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km; and is divided into 34 provinces. AFGHANISTAN’s capital is Kabul which is the most populated city with about 3,043,589 inhabitants.

History of AFGHANISTAN

AFGHANISTAN’s government is Islamic republic; a Republic with an Executive government type, with President Hamid Karzai as head of state.

Other symbols of AFGHANISTAN are Afghan anthem “Stroud-e-Melli Afghan flag.Afghan flag is composed by three equal vertical bands of black (hoist), red, and green, with a gold emblem centered on the red band; the emblem features a temple-like structure encircled by a wreath on the left and right and by a bold Islamic inscription above.

AFGHANISTAN’s history is quite long: Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. Subsequently, a series of civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country’s civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution and a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. On 7 December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan. The National Assembly was inaugurated on 19 December 2005.

Afghanistan geography

AFGHANISTAN has an area of 647,500Km, with a coastline of 0, this vast area is composed of 647,500 sq km of land and 0 sq km of water. Afghan geography is known by its mostly rugged mountains and plains in north and southwest. This makes Afghan’s land specially proclive to damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts.

Guide to travel to AFGHANISTAN

If you are thinking about traveling to AFGHANISTAN, you will have to take into consideration some points like AFGHANISTAN’s currency, AFGHANISTAN’s weather, AFGHANISTAN’s national holiday and AFGHANISTAN’s transports.

The first thing you need to know about your travels abroad is country’s currency. AFGHANISTAN`s currency is called afghani ( Af), which is divided into 100 puls. For your consideration, afghani’s exchange rate is about 0 per dolar.46.7872243813.

AFGHANISTAN’s weather is characterized to be arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to AFGHANISTAN.

You can also consider visiting AFGHANISTAN on its national holiday to get in AFGHANISTAN’s culture. If you do so, AFGHANISTAN’s national holiday is called Independence Day, 19 August.

Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of AFGHANISTAN: Nowshak 7,485 m. And even try to get to AFGHANISTAN’s lowest point: Amu Darya 258 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit AFGHANISTAN’s tallest structure: ( ).

Don’t be afraid to take a flight to AFGHANISTAN, with more than 46 airports and one airline; you will get to AFGHANISTAN without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. AFGHANISTAN has about0 of railways, and also1,200 of roadways so is a right place for a car trip.

Afghan Culture

AFGHANISTAN is known by Afghans as Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Afghanistan or Afghanistan in the shortened way. Afghan, about 31,889,923 people, are composed by different ethnics: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%. And they also have different languages: Pashto, Dari, Persian.

Another relevant point nowadays it’s AFGHANISTAN’s religion. Afghans are divided in Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi’a Muslim 19%, other 1%.