CYPRUS which official name is Republic of Cyprus or Cyprus, is a country from Asia located at the Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. CYPRUS with 47.4 km sq km, limits with: Akrotiri 47.4 km, Dhekelia NA; and is divided in 6 district . CYPRUS’s capital is Nicosia , but CYPRUS ‘s most populated city is lemesos with about 154,018 inhabitants.
History of CYPRUS
CYPRUS’s government is republic; a Republic with a Executive government type, with President Tassos Papadopoulos as head of state.
Other symbols of CYPRUS are Cypriot anthem “Hymn to Freedom Cypriot flag.Cypriot flag is composed by white with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities note: the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” flag has a white field with narrow horizontal red stripes positioned a small distance from the top and bottom edges between which is centered a red crescent and red five-pointed star .
CYPRUS’s history is quite long: A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (TRNC), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The latest two-year round of UN-brokered talks – between the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reach an agreement to reunite the divided island – ended when the Greek Cypriots rejected the UN settlement plan in an April 2004 referendum. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis – the body of common rights and obligations – applies only to the areas under direct government control, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states. Nicosia continues to oppose EU efforts to establish direct trade and economic links to north Cyprus as a way of encouraging the Turkish Cypriot community to continue to support reunification.
CYPRUS has an area of 9,250Km ,with a coastline of 648, this great area is composed by 9,240 sq km of land and 10 sq km of water. Cypriot geography is known by it’s central plain with mountains to north and south and scattered but significant plains along southern coast . This makes Cypriot’s land specially proclive to moderate earthquake activity; droughts.
Guide to travel to CYPRUS
If you are thinking on traveling to CYPRUS, you will have to take in consideration some points like CYPRUS’s currency, CYPRUS’s weather, CYPRUS’s national holiday and CYPRUS’s transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country’s currency. CYPRUS`s currency is called pound (C), which is divided in 100 cents
CYPRUS’s weather is characterized to be temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to CYPRUS.
You can also consider to visit CYPRUS on it’s national holiday to get in CYPRUS’s culture. If you do so, CYPRUS’s national holiday is called Independence Day, 1 October.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of CYPRUS: Mount Olympus 1,951 m. And try also to get to CYPRUS’s lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit CYPRUS’s tallest structure: ( ).
Don’t be afraid to take a flight to CYPRUS, with more than 16 airports and 2 airlines, you will get to CYPRUS without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. CYPRUS has about0 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
Coat of arms of CYPRUSCYPRUS is known by Cypriots as Kypriaki Dimokratia/Kibris Cumhuriyeti or Kypros/Kibris in the shortened way. Cypriot, about 788,457 people, are composed by different ethnics: Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001). And they also have different languages: Turkish, Greek.
Another relevant point nowadays it’s CYPRUS’s religion. Cypriots are divided in Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%. So you can visit any of it’s1 like St. John’s Cathedral, Nicosia .