BHUTAN which official name is Kingdom of Bhutan or Bhutan, is a country from Asia located at the Southern Asia, between China and India. BHUTAN with 1,075 km sq km, limits with: China 47, India 605 km; and is divided in 20 districts . BHUTAN’s capital is Thimphu , but BHUTAN ‘s most populated city is phuntsholing with about 65,892 inhabitants.
History of BHUTAN
BHUTAN’s government is absolute monarchy; special treaty relationship with India; note – transition to a constitutional monarchy is expected in 2008; a Absolute monarchy with a Monarch personally exercises power alongside weak parliament government type, with King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck as head of state and Prime Minister Kinzang Dorji as head of government.
Other symbols of BHUTAN are Bhutanese motto ” One Nation, One People Bhutanese anthem “Druk tsendhen (The Thunder Dragon Kingdom) Bhutanese flag.Bhutanese flag is composed by divided diagonally from the lower hoist side corner; the upper triangle is yellow and the lower triangle is orange; centered along the dividing line is a large black and white dragon facing away from the hoist side .
BHUTAN’s history is quite long: In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land to British India. Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. This role was assumed by independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned the areas of Bhutan annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India’s responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. A refugee issue of some 100,000 Bhutanese in Nepal remains unresolved; 90% of the refugees are housed in seven United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) camps. In March 2005, King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK unveiled the government’s draft constitution – which would introduce major democratic reforms – and pledged to hold a national referendum for its approval. A referendum date has yet to be named, but should occur in 2008. In December 2006, the King abdicated the throne to his son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK, in order to give him experience as head of state before the democratic transition.
BHUTAN has an area of 47,000Km ,with a coastline of 0, this great area is composed by 47,000 sq km of land and 0 sq km of water. Bhutanese geography is known by it’s mostly mountainous land with some fertile valleys and savanna . This makes Bhutanese’s land specially proclive to violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country’s name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season.
Guide to travel to BHUTAN
If you are thinking on traveling to BHUTAN, you will have to take in consideration some points like BHUTAN’s currency, BHUTAN’s weather, BHUTAN’s national holiday and BHUTAN’s transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country’s currency. BHUTAN`s currency is called ngultrum ( Nu), which is divided in 100 chetrum
BHUTAN’s weather is characterized to be varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to BHUTAN.
You can also consider to visit BHUTAN on it’s national holiday to get in BHUTAN’s culture. If you do so, BHUTAN’s national holiday is called National Day, 17 December.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of BHUTAN: Kula Kangri 7,553 m. And try also to get to BHUTAN’s lowest point: Drangme Chhu 97 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit BHUTAN’s tallest structure: ( ).
Don’t be afraid to take a flight to BHUTAN, with more than 2 airports and 1 airlines, you will get to BHUTAN without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. BHUTAN has about0 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
Coat of arms of BHUTANBHUTAN is known by Bhutaneses as Druk Gyalkhap or Druk Yul in the shortened way. Bhutanese, about 2,327,849 people, are composed by different ethnics: Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas – one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%. And they also have different languages: Dzongkha.
Another relevant point nowadays it’s BHUTAN’s religion. Bhutaneses are divided in Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%.