Guide to AZERBAIJAN
Map of AZERBAIJANAZERBAIJAN which official name is Republic of Azerbaijan or Azerbaijan, is a country from Asia located at the Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range. AZERBAIJAN with 2,013 km sq km, limits with: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km; and is divided in 59 rayons . AZERBAIJAN’s capital is Baku which is the most populated city with about 1,116,513 inhabitants.
History of AZERBAIJAN
AZERBAIJAN’s government is republic; a Republic with a Executive government type, with President Ilham Aliyev as head of state and Prime Minister Artur Rasizade as head of government.
Flag of AZERBAIJANOther symbols of AZERBAIJAN are Azerbaijani motto ” Bir kere yukselen bayraq, bir daha enmez! (The flag once raised will never fall!) Azerbaijani anthem “Az?rbaycan marsi (March of Azerbaijan) Azerbaijani flag.Azerbaijani flag is composed by three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), red, and green; a crescent and eight-pointed star in white are centered in red band .
AZERBAIJAN’s history is quite long: Azerbaijan – a nation with a Turkic and majority-Muslim population – was briefly independent from 1918 to 1920; it regained its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over the Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian populated). Azerbaijan has lost 16% of its territory and must support some 600,000 internally displaced persons as a result of the conflict. Corruption is ubiquitous, and the promise of widespread wealth from Azerbaijan’s undeveloped petroleum resources remains largely unfulfilled.
AZERBAIJAN has an area of 86,600Km ,with a coastline of 0, this great area is composed by 86,100 sq km of land and 500 sq km of water. Azerbaijani geography is known by it’s large land, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west and Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea . This makes Azerbaijani’s land specially proclive to droughts.
Guide to travel to AZERBAIJAN
If you are thinking on traveling to AZERBAIJAN, you will have to take in consideration some points like AZERBAIJAN’s currency, AZERBAIJAN’s weather, AZERBAIJAN’s national holiday and AZERBAIJAN’s transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country’s currency. AZERBAIJAN`s currency is called manat ( 0), which is divided in 100 gopik
AZERBAIJAN’s weather is characterized to be dry, semiarid steppe. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to AZERBAIJAN.
You can also consider to visit AZERBAIJAN on it’s national holiday to get in AZERBAIJAN’s culture. If you do so, AZERBAIJAN’s national holiday is called Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, 28 May.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of AZERBAIJAN: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m. And try also to get to AZERBAIJAN’s lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit AZERBAIJAN’s tallest structure: ( ).
Don’t be afraid to take a flight to AZERBAIJAN, with more than 36 airports and 0 airlines, you will get to AZERBAIJAN without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. AZERBAIJAN has about2,122 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
Coat of arms of AZERBAIJANAZERBAIJAN is known by Azerbaijanis as Azarbaycan Respublikasi or Azarbaycan in the shortened way. Azerbaijani, about 8,120,247 people, are composed by different ethnics: Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% (1999 census). And they also have different languages: Azeri.
Another relevant point nowadays it’s AZERBAIJAN’s religion. Azerbaijanis are divided in Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.). So you can visit any of it’s3 like Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Shusha .