ARMENIA which official name is Republic of Armenia or Armenia, is a country from Asia located at the Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey. ARMENIA with 1,254 km sq km, limits with: Azerbaijan-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km; and is divided in 11 provinces . ARMENIA’s capital is Yerevan which is the most populated city with about 1,093,499 inhabitants.
History of ARMENIA
ARMENIA’s government is republic; a Republic with a Executive government type, with President Robert Kocharyan as head of state and Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan as head of government.
Other symbols of ARMENIA are Armenian motto ” Armenian, Mek Azg, Mek Ashakouyt, One Nation, One Culture Armenian anthem “Mer Hayrenik (Our Fatherland) Armenian flag.Armenian flag is composed by three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, and orange .
ARMENIA’s history is quite long: Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in an estimated 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Muslim Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey imposed an economic blockade on Armenia and closed the common border because of the Armenian occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas.
ARMENIA has an area of 29,800Km ,with a coastline of 0, this great area is composed by 28,400 sq km of land and 1,400 sq km of water. Armenian geography is known by it’s Armenian Highland with mountains and little forest land and fast flowing rivers and good soil in Aras River valley . This makes Armenian’s land specially proclive to occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts.
Guide to travel to ARMENIA
If you are thinking on traveling to ARMENIA, you will have to take in consideration some points like ARMENIA’s currency, ARMENIA’s weather, ARMENIA’s national holiday and ARMENIA’s transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country’s currency. ARMENIA`s currency is called dram ( 0), which is divided in 100 luma
ARMENIA’s weather is characterized to be highland continental, hot summers, cold winters. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to ARMENIA.
You can also consider to visit ARMENIA on it’s national holiday to get in ARMENIA’s culture. If you do so, ARMENIA’s national holiday is called Independence Day, 21 September.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of ARMENIA: Aragats Lerrnagagat’ 4,090 m. And try also to get to ARMENIA’s lowest point: Debed River 400 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit ARMENIA’s tallest structure: ( ).
Don’t be afraid to take a flight to ARMENIA, with more than 13 airports and 0 airlines, you will get to ARMENIA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. ARMENIA has about839 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
ARMENIA is known by Armenians as Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun or Hayastan in the shortened way. Armenian, about 2,971,650 people, are composed by different ethnics: Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census). And they also have different languages: Armenian.
Another relevant point nowadays it’s ARMENIA’s religion. Armenians are divided in Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%. So you can visit any of it’s2 like Ruins of Zvartnots Cathedral of St. Gregory .
But if want to know more about ARMENIA’s culture, the best way is by reading the most famous Armenian novelists’ books like Alexander Shirvanzade .