Guide to SOMALIA

Map of SOMALIASOMALIA which official name is Somalia or Somalia, is a country from Africa located at the Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. SOMALIA with 2,340 km sq km, limits with: Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 km; and is divided in 18 regions . SOMALIA's capital is Mogadishu which is the most populated city with about 2,590,180 inhabitants.

History of SOMALIA

SOMALIA's government is no permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government; a Republic with a Executive government type, with President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed as head of state and Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Ghedi as head of government.

Flag of SOMALIAOther symbols of SOMALIA are Somali anthem "Somaliyaay toosoo (Somalia Wake Up) Somali flag.Somali flag is composed by light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; blue field influenced by the flag of the UN .

SOMALIA's history is quite long: Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for a couple of decades. After the regime's overthrow early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence, aided by the overwhelming dominance of a ruling clan and economic infrastructure left behind by British, Russian, and American military assistance programs. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring self-declared autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. The mandate of the Transitional National Government (TNG), created in August 2000 in Arta, Djibouti, expired in August 2003. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia and the formation of a transitional government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The Somalia TFIs include a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA), a transitional Prime Minister, Ali Mohamed GEDI, and a 90-member cabinet. The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has been deeply divided since just after its creation and until late December 2006 controlled only the town of Baidoa. In June 2006, a loose coalition of clerics, business leaders, and Islamic court militias known as the Supreme Council of Islamic Courts (SCIC) defeated powerful Mogadishu warlords and took control of the capital. The Courts continued to expand, spreading their influence throughout much of southern Somalia and threatening to overthrow the TFG in Baidoa. Ethiopian and TFG forces, concerned over suspected links between some SCIC factions and al-Qaida, in late December 2006 drove the SCIC from power, but the joint forces continue to fight remnants of SCIC militia in the southwestern corner of Somalia near the Kenyan border. The TFG, backed by Ethiopian forces, in late December 2006 moved into Mogadishu, but it continues to struggle to exert control over the capital and to prevent the reemergence of warlord rule that typified Mogadishu before the rise of the SCIC.

SOMALIAs geography

SOMALIA has an area of 637,657Km ,with a coastline of 3025, this great area is composed by 627,337 sq km of land and 10,320 sq km of water. Somali geography is known by it's mostly flat land to undulating plateau rising to hills in north . This makes Somali's land specially proclive to recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season.

Guide to travel to SOMALIA

If you are thinking on traveling to SOMALIA, you will have to take in consideration some points like SOMALIA's currency, SOMALIA's weather, SOMALIA's national holiday and SOMALIA's transports.

The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. SOMALIA`s currency is called shilling ( So. Sh.), which is divided in 100 centesimi

SOMALIA's weather is characterized to be principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to SOMALIA.

You can also consider to visit SOMALIA on it's national holiday to get in SOMALIA's culture. If you do so, SOMALIA's national holiday is called Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July.

Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of SOMALIA: Shimbiris 2,416 m. And try also to get to SOMALIA's lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit SOMALIA's tallest structure: ( ).

Don't be afraid to take a flight to SOMALIA, with more than 65 airports and 1 airlines, you will get to SOMALIA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. SOMALIA has about0 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.

Somali Culture

Coat of arms of SOMALIASOMALIA is known by Somalis as Jamhuuriyada Demuqraadiga Soomaaliyeed or Soomaaliya in the shortened way. Somali, about 9,118,773 people, are composed by different ethnics: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000). And they also have different languages: Arabic, Somali.

Another relevant point nowadays it's SOMALIA's religion. Somalis are divided in Sunni Muslim.

But if want to know more about SOMALIA's culture, the best way is by reading the most famous Somali novelists' books like Adam I. AwXirsi, Maxamed Daahir Afrax or Nuruddin Farah (1945 ).

Videos of Somalia

See some viedos of Somalia's places and tourism before choosing your vacations destination.

Somali Wild Animals and it's Environment part 1

Mogadishu Tourism

Latest News of Somalia

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