Guide to POLAND
POLAND which official name is Republic of Poland or Poland, is a country from Europe located at the Central Europe, east of Germany. POLAND with 3,056 km sq km, limits with: Belarus 416 km, Czech Republic 79, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 103 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 529 km; and is divided in 16 provinces . POLAND's capital is Warsaw which is the most populated city with about 1,651,676 inhabitants.
History of POLAND
POLAND's government is republic; a Republic with a Ceremonial government type, with President Lech Kaczynski as head of state and Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski as head of government.
Other symbols of POLAND are Polish motto " Bóg, Honor, Ojczyzna (Polish language, God, Honor, Fatherland). See also Unofficial mottos of Poland. Polish anthem "Mazurek Dabrowskiego (Dabrowski's Mazurka) Polish flag.Polish flag is composed by two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; similar to the flags of Indonesia and Monaco which are red (top) and white .
POLAND's history is quite long: Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.
POLAND has an area of 312,685Km ,with a coastline of 491, this great area is composed by 304,465 sq km of land and 8,220 sq km of water. Polish geography is known by it's mostly flat plain land and mountains along southern border . This makes Polish's land specially proclive to flooding.
Guide to travel to POLAND
If you are thinking on traveling to POLAND, you will have to take in consideration some points like POLAND's currency, POLAND's weather, POLAND's national holiday and POLAND's transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. POLAND`s currency is called zloty ( z dashed l), which is divided in 100 groszy. For your consideration, zloty's exchange rate is about 0 per dolar.2.0324529337.
POLAND's weather is characterized to be temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to POLAND.
You can also consider to visit POLAND on it's national holiday to get in POLAND's culture. If you do so, POLAND's national holiday is called Constitution Day, 3 May.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of POLAND: Rysy 2,499 m. And try also to get to POLAND's lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit POLAND's tallest structure: ( ).
Don't be afraid to take a flight to POLAND, with more than 122 airports and 1 airlines, you will get to POLAND without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. POLAND has about23,072 of railways, and also3,997 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
POLAND is known by Polishs as Rzeczpospolita Polska or Polska in the shortened way. Polish, about 38,518,241 people, are composed by different ethnics: Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7% (2002 census). And they also have different languages: Polish.
Another relevant point nowadays it's POLAND's religion. Polishs are divided in Roman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (2002). So you can visit any of it's63 like Cathedral of St. Vincent and St. James in Wroclaw .
But if want to know more about POLAND's culture, the best way is by reading the most famous Polish novelists' books like Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (1812–1887), Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846–1916), Nobel Prize for Literature 1905, author of Quo Vadis or Bruno Schulz (1892–1942).
Videos of Poland
See some viedos of Poland's places and tourism before choosing your vacations destination.
Latest News of Poland
|Poland Delays Tax to Prevent More Exits by Shale Gas Explorers
Poland plans to postpone the collection of tax on shale gas production by five years and improve regulation to ensure investors continue exploring for the fuel in the eastern European nation.
|Life-saving face transplant performed in Poland
WARSAW, Poland (AP) â€” A 33-year-old Polish man received a life-saving total face transplant just three weeks after being disfigured in a workplace accident, in what his doctors said Wednesday is the fastest timeframe to date for such an operation.
|Awaiting rebound in Europe, Poland stifles growth at home
Poland has turned its back on policies that once made it Europe's growth leader and is flirting with the recession that it alone among its emerging European Union peers has evaded through years of crisis. ...
|Poland Minister Says 29% Return Reflects Trend
Polish Finance Minister Jacek Rostowski said the premium his government pays on debt relative to the neighboring Czech Republic may disappear over the next four years as he strives to keep the economy out of recession in the face of monetary policy that he deems too strict.
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