Guide to PERU
PERU which official name is Republic of Peru or Peru, is a country from America located at the Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. PERU with 7,461 km sq km, limits with: Bolivia 1,075 km, Brazil 2,995 km, Chile 171 km, Colombia 1,800 km, Ecuador 1,420 km; and is divided in 25 regions . PERU's capital is Lima which is the most populated city with about 7,646,786 inhabitants.
History of PERU
PERU's government is constitutional republic; a Republic with a Executive government type, with President Alan García as head of state and Prime Minister Jorge del Castillo as head of government.
Other symbols of PERU are Peruvian anthem "Somos libres, seámoslo siempre (We Are Free, Let Us Remain So Forever) Peruvian flag.Peruvian flag is composed by three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna, cinchona tree (the source of quinine), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath .
PERU's history is quite long: Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of Native American ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, returned to the presidency with promises to improve social conditions and maintain fiscal responsibility.
PERU has an area of 1,285,220Km ,with a coastline of 2414, this great area is composed by 1.28 million sq km of land and 5,220 sq km of water. Peruvian geography is known by it's western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva) . This makes Peruvian's land specially proclive to earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity.
Guide to travel to PERU
If you are thinking on traveling to PERU, you will have to take in consideration some points like PERU's currency, PERU's weather, PERU's national holiday and PERU's transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. PERU`s currency is called inti ( 0), which is divided in 100 centimos
PERU's weather is characterized to be varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to PERU.
You can also consider to visit PERU on it's national holiday to get in PERU's culture. If you do so, PERU's national holiday is called Independence Day, 28 July.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of PERU: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m. And try also to get to PERU's lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit PERU's tallest structure: ( ).
Don't be afraid to take a flight to PERU, with more than 268 airports and 2 airlines, you will get to PERU without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. PERU has about1,989 of railways, and also8,808 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
PERU is known by Peruvians as Republica del Peru or Peru in the shortened way. Peruvian, about 28,674,757 people, are composed by different ethnics: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%. And they also have different languages: Punjabi, Spanish, Aymara, Quechua.
Another relevant point nowadays it's PERU's religion. Peruvians are divided in Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, other Christian 0.7%, other 0.6%, unspecified or none 16.3% (2003 est.).
But if want to know more about PERU's culture, the best way is by reading the most famous Peruvian novelists' books like Mario Vargas Llosa, (1936– ), ran for president, author of Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter, José María Arguedas, (1911–1969) or Ciro Alegría,