Guide to JORDAN
JORDAN which official name is Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan or Jordan, is a country from Asia located at the Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia. JORDAN with 1,635 km sq km, limits with: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km; and is divided in 12 governorates . JORDAN's capital is Amman , but JORDAN 's most populated city is irbid with about 296,050 inhabitants.
History of JORDAN
JORDAN's government is constitutional monarchy; a Constitutionalámonarchy with a Monarch personally exercises power alongside weak parliament government type, with King Abdullah II as head of state and Prime Minister Marouf al-Bakhit as head of government.
Other symbols of JORDAN are Jordanian motto " Allah, Alwattan, Almaleek God, country, sovereign / Al Urdun Awallan Jordan First (Former is official) Jordanian anthem "As-salam al-malaki al-urdoni (Jordanian Royal Anthem) Jordanian flag.Jordanian flag is composed by three equal horizontal bands of black (top), representing the Abbassid Caliphate, white, representing the Ummayyad Caliphate, and green, representing the Fatimid Caliphate; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, representing the Great Arab Revolt of 1916, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star symbolizing the seven verses of the opening Sura (Al-Fatiha) of the Holy Koran; the seven points on the star represent faith in One God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue, and aspirations; design is based on the Arab Revolt flag of World War I .
JORDAN's history is quite long: Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the UK received a mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain separated out a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s, and the area gained its independence in 1946; it adopted the name of Jordan in 1950. The country's long-time ruler was King HUSSEIN (1953-99). A pragmatic leader, he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population, despite several wars and coup attempts. In 1989 he reinstituted parliamentary elections and gradual political liberalization; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, the son of King HUSSEIN, assumed the throne following his father's death in February 1999. Since then, he has consolidated his power and undertaken an aggressive economic reform program. Jordan acceded to the World Trade Organization in 2000, and began to participate in the European Free Trade Association in 2001. After a two-year delay, parliamentary and municipal elections took place in the summer of 2003. The prime minister appointed in November 2005 stated the government would focus on political reforms, improving conditions for the poor, and fighting corruption.
JORDAN has an area of 92,300Km ,with a coastline of 26, this great area is composed by 91,971 sq km of land and 329 sq km of water. Jordanian geography is known by it's mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west and Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River . This makes Jordanian's land specially proclive to droughts; periodic earthquakes.
Guide to travel to JORDAN
If you are thinking on traveling to JORDAN, you will have to take in consideration some points like JORDAN's currency, JORDAN's weather, JORDAN's national holiday and JORDAN's transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. JORDAN`s currency is called dinar ( JD), which is divided in 1,000 fils. For your consideration, dinar's exchange rate is about 0 per dolar.0.7080001323.
JORDAN's weather is characterized to be mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April). So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to JORDAN.
You can also consider to visit JORDAN on it's national holiday to get in JORDAN's culture. If you do so, JORDAN's national holiday is called Independence Day, 25 May.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of JORDAN: Jabal Ram 1,734 m. And try also to get to JORDAN's lowest point: Dead Sea -408 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit JORDAN's tallest structure: ( ).
Don't be afraid to take a flight to JORDAN, with more than 17 airports and 3 airlines, you will get to JORDAN without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. JORDAN has about505 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
JORDAN is known by Jordanians as Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah or Al Urdun in the shortened way. Jordanian, about 6,053,193 people, are composed by different ethnics: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%. And they also have different languages: Arabic.
Another relevant point nowadays it's JORDAN's religion. Jordanians are divided in Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.). So you can visit any of it's1 like Annunciation Cathedral, Amman .
Videos of Jordan
See some viedos of Jordan's places and tourism before choosing your vacations destination.
Latest News of Jordan
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