Guide to GEORGIA
GEORGIA which official name is Georgia or Georgia, is a country from Asia located at the Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia. GEORGIA with 1,461 km sq km, limits with: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km; and is divided in 9 regions . GEORGIA's capital is Tbilisi which is the most populated city with about 1,049,516 inhabitants.
History of GEORGIA
GEORGIA's government is republic; a Republic with a Executive government type, with President Mikhail Saakashvili as head of state and Prime Minister Zurab Noghaideli as head of government.
Other symbols of GEORGIA are Georgian motto " Dzala ertobashia (Georgian, Strength is in Unity) Georgian anthem "Tavisupleba (Freedom), former anthem Dideba zetsit kurtheuls (Praise Be To The Heavenly Bestower of Blessings) Georgian flag.Georgian flag is composed by white rectangle, in its central portion a red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; in each of the four corners is a small red bolnur-katskhuri cross; the five-cross flag appears to date back to the 14th century .
GEORGIA's history is quite long: The region of present-day Georgia contained the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia. The area came under Roman influence in the first centuries A.D. and Christianity became the state religion in the 330s. Domination by Persians, Arabs, and Turks was followed by a Georgian golden age (11th-13th centuries) that was cut short by the Mongol invasion of 1236. Subsequently, the Ottoman and Persian empires competed for influence in the region. Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. An attempt by the incumbent Georgian government to manipulate national legislative elections in November 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of Eduard SHEVARDNADZE, president since 1995. New elections in early 2004 swept Mikheil SAAKASHVILI into power along with his National Movement party. Progress on market reforms and democratization has been made in the years since independence, but this progress has been complicated by two civil conflicts in the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. These two territories remain outside the control of the central government and are ruled by de facto, unrecognized governments, supported by Russia. Russian-led peacekeeping operations continue in both regions. The Georgian Government put forward a new peace initiative for the peaceful resolution of the status of South Ossetia in 2005.
GEORGIA has an area of 69,700Km ,with a coastline of 310, this great area is composed by 69,700 sq km of land and 0 sq km of water. Georgian geography is known by it's largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south and Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west and Mtkvari River Basin in the east and good soils in river valley flood plains, . This makes Georgian's land specially proclive to earthquakes.
Guide to travel to GEORGIA
If you are thinking on traveling to GEORGIA, you will have to take in consideration some points like GEORGIA's currency, GEORGIA's weather, GEORGIA's national holiday and GEORGIA's transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. GEORGIA`s currency is called lari ( 0), which is divided in 100 tetri
GEORGIA's weather is characterized to be warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to GEORGIA.
You can also consider to visit GEORGIA on it's national holiday to get in GEORGIA's culture. If you do so, GEORGIA's national holiday is called Independence Day, 26 May.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of GEORGIA: Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m. And try also to get to GEORGIA's lowest point: Black Sea 0 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit GEORGIA's tallest structure: ( ).
Don't be afraid to take a flight to GEORGIA, with more than 23 airports and 2 airlines, you will get to GEORGIA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. GEORGIA has about1,612 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
GEORGIA is known by Georgians as Sak'art'velo in the shortened way. Georgian, about 4,646,003 people, are composed by different ethnics: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census). And they also have different languages: Georgian, English.
Another relevant point nowadays it's GEORGIA's religion. Georgians are divided in Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census). So you can visit any of it's6 like Cathedral Church of the Savior in Tsalenjikha .
Videos of Georgia
See some viedos of Georgia's places and tourism before choosing your vacations destination.
Latest News of Georgia
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