Guide to ERITREA

Map of ERITREAERITREA which official name is State of Eritrea or Eritrea, is a country from Africa located at the Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. ERITREA with 1,626 km sq km, limits with: Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km; and is divided in 6 regions . ERITREA's capital is Asmara which is the most populated city with about 563,948 inhabitants.

History of ERITREA

ERITREA's government is transitional government; a Republic with a Power constitutionally linked to a single political movement government type, with President Isaias Afewerki as head of state.

Flag of ERITREAOther symbols of ERITREA are Eritrean anthem "Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea) Eritrean flag.Eritrean flag is composed by red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle .

ERITREA's history is quite long: Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea currently hosts a UN peacekeeping operation that is monitoring a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone on the border with Ethiopia. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. In November 2006, the international commission informed Eritrea and Ethiopia they had one year to demarcate the border or the border demarcation would be based on coordinates.

ERITREAs geography

ERITREA has an area of 121,320Km ,with a coastline of 2234, this great area is composed by 121,320 sq km of land and 0 sq km of water. Eritrean geography is known by it's land dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains . This makes Eritrean's land specially proclive to frequent droughts; locust swarms.

Guide to travel to ERITREA

If you are thinking on traveling to ERITREA, you will have to take in consideration some points like ERITREA's currency, ERITREA's weather, ERITREA's national holiday and ERITREA's transports.

The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. ERITREA`s currency is called nakfa ( Nfa), which is divided in 100 cents

ERITREA's weather is characterized to be hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to ERITREA.

You can also consider to visit ERITREA on it's national holiday to get in ERITREA's culture. If you do so, ERITREA's national holiday is called Independence Day, 24 May.

Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of ERITREA: Soira 3,018 m. And try also to get to ERITREA's lowest point: near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit ERITREA's tallest structure: ( ).

Don't be afraid to take a flight to ERITREA, with more than 17 airports and 0 airlines, you will get to ERITREA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. ERITREA has about306 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.

Eritrean Culture

Coat of arms of ERITREAERITREA is known by Eritreans as Hagere Ertra or Ertra in the shortened way. Eritrean, about 4,906,585 people, are composed by different ethnics: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%. And they also have different languages: Arabic, Tigrignan.

Another relevant point nowadays it's ERITREA's religion. Eritreans are divided in Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant.

Videos of Eritrea

See some viedos of Eritrea's places and tourism before choosing your vacations destination. Tourism, PART ONE reconstruction of Serejeka Tourism, PART FOUR reconstruction of Sereje

Latest News of Eritrea

U.N. probing alleged Eritrea rights abuses blamed for migrant exodus

By Tom Miles GENEVA (Reuters) - The United Nations has begun to investigate suspected human rights abuses in Eritrea blamed for an exodus of migrants from the Horn of Africa country, U.N. officials said on Thursday. Eritrea, one of Africa's poorest nations, dismissed the allegations and said the commission was "politically motivated". Eritreans are second only to Syrians among migrants making ...

Eritrea Rejects UN Report on Asylum-Seekers

Eritrea’s top diplomat to the United Nations says the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees has committed a “conceptual mistake” in a report, which stated that in the past 37 days more than 6,000 Eritreans had claimed asylum in neighboring Ethiopia. The U.N. refugee agency said Eritrea’s renewed conscription drive was to blame for the sharp increase in the number of youths fleeing the country. But ...

Nevsun Denies Accusations of Human-Rights Abuses at Eritrea Mine

Nevsun Resources Ltd. (NSU) , a takeover target which mines gold and copper in Eritrea, is being sued for alleged complicity in human-rights abuses at its operations in the African nation. The company denied the allegations.

UN Rights Commission Investigates Eritrea

A United Nations commission is looking into allegations of "widespread and systematic violations" by Eritrean authorities against the country's citizens. The investigation follows reports that thousands of Eritreans are fleeing the country each month. In a statement Thursday, Eritrea said its enemies are encouraging illegal migration and engaging in "smear campaigns" against the government. The ...

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