Guide to ERITREA
ERITREA which official name is State of Eritrea or Eritrea, is a country from Africa located at the Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. ERITREA with 1,626 km sq km, limits with: Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km; and is divided in 6 regions . ERITREA's capital is Asmara which is the most populated city with about 563,948 inhabitants.
History of ERITREA
ERITREA's government is transitional government; a Republic with a Power constitutionally linked to a single political movement government type, with President Isaias Afewerki as head of state.
Other symbols of ERITREA are Eritrean anthem "Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea) Eritrean flag.Eritrean flag is composed by red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle .
ERITREA's history is quite long: Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea currently hosts a UN peacekeeping operation that is monitoring a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone on the border with Ethiopia. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. In November 2006, the international commission informed Eritrea and Ethiopia they had one year to demarcate the border or the border demarcation would be based on coordinates.
ERITREA has an area of 121,320Km ,with a coastline of 2234, this great area is composed by 121,320 sq km of land and 0 sq km of water. Eritrean geography is known by it's land dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains . This makes Eritrean's land specially proclive to frequent droughts; locust swarms.
Guide to travel to ERITREA
If you are thinking on traveling to ERITREA, you will have to take in consideration some points like ERITREA's currency, ERITREA's weather, ERITREA's national holiday and ERITREA's transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. ERITREA`s currency is called nakfa ( Nfa), which is divided in 100 cents
ERITREA's weather is characterized to be hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to ERITREA.
You can also consider to visit ERITREA on it's national holiday to get in ERITREA's culture. If you do so, ERITREA's national holiday is called Independence Day, 24 May.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of ERITREA: Soira 3,018 m. And try also to get to ERITREA's lowest point: near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit ERITREA's tallest structure: ( ).
Don't be afraid to take a flight to ERITREA, with more than 17 airports and 0 airlines, you will get to ERITREA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. ERITREA has about306 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
ERITREA is known by Eritreans as Hagere Ertra or Ertra in the shortened way. Eritrean, about 4,906,585 people, are composed by different ethnics: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%. And they also have different languages: Arabic, Tigrignan.
Another relevant point nowadays it's ERITREA's religion. Eritreans are divided in Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant.
Videos of Eritrea
See some viedos of Eritrea's places and tourism before choosing your vacations destination.
Latest News of Eritrea
|EU hopes to curb exodus from Eritrea through development aid
By Aaron Maasho ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - The European Union said on Tuesday it hopes development aid to Eritrea will stem a growing exodus of Eritreans attempting the dangerous journey to Europe to claim asylum there. Eritrea is now the second largest source of migrants to arrive in Italy by boat, after Syria. The United Nations and rights groups say poor human rights conditions in Eritrea are to ...
|UN probe finds 'ruthless repression', rights abuses in Eritrea
Eritrea's government is using the country's stand-off with arch-foe Ethiopia as a "pretext" to commit a litany of rights violations and ruthlessly repress opposition, United Nations investigators said Monday. Eritrea is using the unfinished so-called "no war, no peace" state with Ethiopia to justify curtailing "most freedoms, from movement to expression, from religion to association ...
|U.N. Eritrea inquiry finds clear patterns of rights violations
By Tom Miles GENEVA (Reuters) - A United Nations investigation into human rights in Eritrea has found "very clear patterns" of violations and an absence of rule of law, an interim report said on Monday. Eritrea's poor human rights situation has been blamed for a huge exodus of migrants from the Horn of Africa nation. Eritrea is the second largest source of migrants after Syria making perilous ...
|Eritrea blighted by 'ruthless repression' and human rights violations, says UN
Eritrean government accused of failing to cooperate with UN inquiry as abuses including detention and enforced military service are highlighted The Eritrean government has been linked with “ruthless repression” and systemic human rights violations, including carrying out widespread detention and forcing citizens into indefinite military service, according to the UN’s first inquiry into human ...
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