Guide to ERITREA
ERITREA which official name is State of Eritrea or Eritrea, is a country from Africa located at the Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. ERITREA with 1,626 km sq km, limits with: Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km; and is divided in 6 regions . ERITREA's capital is Asmara which is the most populated city with about 563,948 inhabitants.
History of ERITREA
ERITREA's government is transitional government; a Republic with a Power constitutionally linked to a single political movement government type, with President Isaias Afewerki as head of state.
Other symbols of ERITREA are Eritrean anthem "Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea) Eritrean flag.Eritrean flag is composed by red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle .
ERITREA's history is quite long: Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea currently hosts a UN peacekeeping operation that is monitoring a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone on the border with Ethiopia. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. In November 2006, the international commission informed Eritrea and Ethiopia they had one year to demarcate the border or the border demarcation would be based on coordinates.
ERITREA has an area of 121,320Km ,with a coastline of 2234, this great area is composed by 121,320 sq km of land and 0 sq km of water. Eritrean geography is known by it's land dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains . This makes Eritrean's land specially proclive to frequent droughts; locust swarms.
Guide to travel to ERITREA
If you are thinking on traveling to ERITREA, you will have to take in consideration some points like ERITREA's currency, ERITREA's weather, ERITREA's national holiday and ERITREA's transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country's currency. ERITREA`s currency is called nakfa ( Nfa), which is divided in 100 cents
ERITREA's weather is characterized to be hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to ERITREA.
You can also consider to visit ERITREA on it's national holiday to get in ERITREA's culture. If you do so, ERITREA's national holiday is called Independence Day, 24 May.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don't forget to visit the highest point of ERITREA: Soira 3,018 m. And try also to get to ERITREA's lowest point: near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit ERITREA's tallest structure: ( ).
Don't be afraid to take a flight to ERITREA, with more than 17 airports and 0 airlines, you will get to ERITREA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. ERITREA has about306 of railways, and also0 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
ERITREA is known by Eritreans as Hagere Ertra or Ertra in the shortened way. Eritrean, about 4,906,585 people, are composed by different ethnics: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%. And they also have different languages: Arabic, Tigrignan.
Another relevant point nowadays it's ERITREA's religion. Eritreans are divided in Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant.
Videos of Eritrea
See some viedos of Eritrea's places and tourism before choosing your vacations destination.
Latest News of Eritrea
|Eritrea denounced over detentions
Eritrea holds 10,000 political prisoners in "unimaginably atrocious conditions", a rights group says - and not one has been charged with any crime.
|Group: 10,000 dissidents detained in Eritrea
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Eritrea's government has jailed about 10,000 dissidents without charge or trial over the years, a rights group said in report Thursday, describing the Horn of Africa nation as one of the world's most repressive states.
|Eritrea has jailed 'at least 10,000' political prisoners
Eritrea's hardline regime has jailed at least 10,000 political prisoners, many in "unimaginably atrocious conditions", rights group Amnesty International said in a report Thursday criticising the situation in the Red Sea state.
|'Eritrea must release political prisoners’
An Amnesty International report accuses Eritrea of banning political opposition, quashing independent media and targeting minorities - claims dismissed by the government. DW spoke with the report's author, Claire Beston.
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