America,with more than,890,000,000,inhabitants (14% of world's population) and,42,330,000 sq km (28,4% of world's land area) is,the second largest and third most populous continent.
Etimology of America
The origin of the toponym "America",comes from the by the cartographer Martin WaldseemÃ¼ller, the used this name on a large map of the area. The name America was derived from the name of the explorer,Americus Vespucius, who is supposed to be the first that,discovered America as a new continent (while even Columbus had,believe that he had discovered a part of India).
But there are also other theories like: can be a derivation from the district of Amerrique in Nicaragua (a,gold-rich district), or that can be,derived from Richard Amerike (a Welsh merchant who financed John Cabot's voyage).
History of America
Even both Amercias are joined as a single continent, they are in fact two extremly different continents. South America was,born by the division of, a supercontinent that included Africa around 135 million years ago, and,collisioned with,Pacific Plate creating a serires,changes in the archipelago of Central America that finally joined,North America and South America .
The first inhabitants of America were,the Clovis culture settled in both Americas around 10,000 BC; but the first humans at America could have arrived,early as 40,000 BC.
Around the 1000 CE, The Inuit moved to the,North, and the first Viking settlers appeared, in Greenland .
After the discovery of the New World, the exploration and colonization of,it began quickly. This had a terrible effect on native popultion, due to the ,European diseases brought by explorers and the wars for the land an resources between natives and conquerors. And became even harder with the rising,migration of europeans in search of,economic opportunities or religious freedom.
Languages in America
European conqueror's languages predonminate at America, but there are also other indigenous languages,or the mixture of various idioms still.
At South and Central,America the,Spanish predominates, with the exception of some countries like,Brazil, where,Portuguese is spoken. And also some native,languages have a high representation like Quechua, Aymara, GuaranÃ ,and some,Creole languages,.
At North America and many islands of the Caribbean the dominant language is English, while Spanish is spreading by the,heavy immigration form Latin America. Native languages have a low representation due to the isoaltion of,their cultures, like,Navajo, Cherokee or the Arawak.
Cities in America
Even being the second most,populous continent, due to it's great extension, America has nearly the lowest population density; but has high number of cities, about 425,000, like: Sao paulo, Mexico, New york, Lima, Bogota, Rio de janeiro, Santiago, Toronto or Los angeles.