AUSTRALIA which official name is Commonwealth of Australia or Australia is a country from Oceania located at Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. AUSTRALIA is divided into six states and two territories. AUSTRALIA’s capital is Canberra, but AUSTRALIA ‘s most populated city is Sydney with about 4,394,585 inhabitants.

History of Australia

AUSTRALIA’s government is a federal parliamentary democracy; a Constitutional monarchy with a Ceremonial government type, with Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Michael Jeffery as head of state and Prime Minister John Howard as head of government.

Other symbols of AUSTRALIA are Australian motto ” formerly Advance Australia Australian anthem “Advance Australia Fair (Official), (Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen) Australian flag.Blue composes Australian flag with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a massive seven-pointed star in the lower hoist-side quadrant known as the Commonwealth or Federation Star, representing the Federation of the colonies of Australia in 1901; the star depicts one point for each of the six original states and one representing all of Australia’s internal and external territories; on the fly-half is a representation of the Southern Cross constellation in white with one small five-pointed star and four larger, seven-pointed stars .

AUSTRALIA’s history is quite long: Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770 when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a significant contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD’s fastest-growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.

AUSTRALIAs geography

AUSTRALIA has an area of 7,686,850Km, with a coastline of 25760, this great area is composed of 7,617,930 sq km of land and 68,920 sq km of water. Its mostly low plateau knows Australian geography with deserts and fertile plain in southeast. This makes Australian’s land specially proclive to cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires.

Guide to travel to AUSTRALIA

If you are thinking about traveling to Australia, you will have to take into consideration some points like AUSTRALIA’s currency, AUSTRALIA’s weather, AUSTRALIA’s national holiday and AUSTRALIA’s transports.

The first thing you need to know about your travels abroad is country’s currency. AUSTRALIA`s currency is called dollar ( A$), which is divided into 100 cents. For your consideration, dollar’s exchange rate is about Visby Cathedral, in Visby per dolar.1.0443448782.

AUSTRALIA’s weather is characterized to be arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to AUSTRALIA.

You can also consider visiting AUSTRALIA on its national holiday to get into AUSTRALIA’s culture. If you do so, AUSTRALIA’s national holiday is called Australia Day, 26 January.

Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of Australia: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m. And also try to get to AUSTRALIA’s lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit AUSTRALIA’s tallest structure: ( ).

Don’t be afraid to take a flight to Australia, with more than 455 airports and 18 airlines; you will get to AUSTRALIA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. AUSTRALIA has about38,550 of railways, and also2,000 of roadways so is a right place for a car trip.

Australian Culture

Coat of arms of AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA is known by Australians as AUSTRALIA in the shortened way. Australian, about 20,434,176 people, are composed by different ethnics: white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%. And they also have different languages: English.

Another relevant point nowadays it’s AUSTRALIA’s religion. Australians are divided in Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census). So you can visit any of it’s53 like The Cathedral Church of Christ the King in Ballarat, Victoria.