CAMBODIA which official name is Kingdom of Cambodia or Cambodia, is a country from Asia located at the Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. CAMBODIA with 2,572 km sq km, limits with: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km; and is divided in 20 provinces . CAMBODIA’s capital is Phnom Penh which is the most populated city with about 1,573,523 inhabitants.
History of CAMBODIA
CAMBODIA’s government is multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Constitutional monarchy with a Ceremonial government type, with King Norodom Sihamoni as head of state and Prime Minister Hun Sen as head of government.
Other symbols of CAMBODIA are Cambodian motto ” Nation, Religion, King Cambodian anthem “Nokoreach Cambodian flag.Cambodian flag is composed by three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (double width), and blue with a white three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat outlined in black in the center of the red band; only national flag to incorporate an actual building in its design .
CAMBODIA’s history is quite long: Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863. Cambodia became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the remaining Khmer Rouge leaders are awaiting trial by a UN-sponsored tribunal for crimes against humanity. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed.
CAMBODIA has an area of 181,040Km ,with a coastline of 443, this great area is composed by 176,520 sq km of land and 4,520 sq km of water. Cambodian geography is known by it’s mostly low land, flat plains and mountains in southwest and north . This makes Cambodian’s land specially proclive to monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts.
Guide to travel to CAMBODIA
If you are thinking on traveling to CAMBODIA, you will have to take in consideration some points like CAMBODIA’s currency, CAMBODIA’s weather, CAMBODIA’s national holiday and CAMBODIA’s transports.
The first thing you need to know for your travels abroad is country’s currency. CAMBODIA`s currency is called new riel ( CR), which is divided in 100 sen
CAMBODIA’s weather is characterized to be tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation. So be sure of choosing the proper date to travel to CAMBODIA.
You can also consider to visit CAMBODIA on it’s national holiday to get in CAMBODIA’s culture. If you do so, CAMBODIA’s national holiday is called Independence Day, 9 November.
Also, if you like natural wonders, don’t forget to visit the highest point of CAMBODIA: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m. And try also to get to CAMBODIA’s lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 mBut if you prefer the city, you must visit CAMBODIA’s tallest structure: ( ).
Don’t be afraid to take a flight to CAMBODIA, with more than 20 airports and 0 airlines, you will get to CAMBODIA without problems. Once there, you can choose the transport type that better fits your needs. CAMBODIA has about602 of railways, and also2,400 of roadways, so is a good place for a car trip.
Coat of arms of CAMBODIACAMBODIA is known by Cambodians as Preahreacheanachakr Kampuchea (phonetic pronunciation) or Kampuchea in the shortened way. Cambodian, about 13,995,904 people, are composed by different ethnics: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%. And they also have different languages: Khmer.
Another relevant point nowadays it’s CAMBODIA’s religion. Cambodians are divided in Theravada Buddhist 95%, other 5%.